Athens and Sparta are the most well- known city-states of Ancient Greece. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … User Info: Skyfire023. From outside the city. Sparta was known for its military might and prowess, as well as its equality. However, the above is not the only difference. Democratic Values. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Created philosophers which literally mean lovers of wisdom. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." Athens vs. Sparta. which ultimately led to their decline. Sparta, Athens, or Both? Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Known in Greek as Sparti. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_4',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. Delian League. Metics. Could not own land, but could run industries and businesses. Their ideals, principles, and the way they tackle challenges are so contrasting it created animosity between them. Athens is the cults puppet. The word Sparta means simple and economical. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. While the skirmishes between the factions and overthrowing either Sparta or Athens in a particular region make up the majority of the side quests and … 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. Landlocked. Sparta built a military state government. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. The cities of Athens and Sparta are famous for various reasons, including their eternal rivalry. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Women were able to receive an education, have property, and as girls were trained in group exercises and agility. Taxed and protected other city-states. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. Trade was a fundamental aspect of Ancient Greek society. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. Whether the military was mandatory in ancient times? Strong Navy. The focus was on obedience and war. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Taking the side of Athens is Pericles and taking the side of Sparta is King Leonidas. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. Leader of the Delian League. The title of the poll was who was better, and I said Athens. Athenian life was a creative wonderland. No more needs to be said. Athens had a form of democratic government. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. User Info: bigboyhowdy2. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. Athens. SPARTA. Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. Oct 14, 2018 @ 7:01pm Originally posted by cjwasright: I wish there was a faction "favor" system with its own perks and rewards attached to it. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Sparta, also known by its ancient name Lacedaemon in honor of their legendary founder, is often considered to have been the most dominant military presence in ancient Greece. We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. uQuiz.com is a free online quiz making tool. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Though these are not very far away from each other, there … Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Skyfire023 2 years ago #6. The war, known as the Peloponnesian War, raged for 27 years between the Athenian realm and the Peloponnesian coalition commanded by the Spartans. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Their infantry soldiers were said to have been among the most skilled and fearsome warriors of the ancient world. Web. Under the alliance, Sparta would lead the troops of all the cities in war – a unified army under Spartiate control. They could also own property by themselves. A+. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? my teacher was so impressed. Young boys were trained to be warriors; young girls were trained to be mothers of warriors. Athens were power hungry and made subjects of states under their control due to simply being bigger and better, and also the huge influence of an anti-Persian alliance known as the Delian League that Athens formed. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event. The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”. Government frequently changes. Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Reman Be Praised! This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. What was the status of women in ancient times? In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the women were free of all such chores. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Sparta Athens Men, women and children Trade in Ancient Greece Greek Mythology TRADE IN ANCIENT GREECE. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. Sparta. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). Controlling, traditional, and conservative. The most important imports were metals. Somewhere in the early 1820s, the Greece King founded the modern city of Sparta. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector of Greece as it was providing large army to Greece for many years. Athens: Sparta: Significance: Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government: Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. The difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democratic arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. Athens' Allies. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Athens and Sparta were undeniably the two greatest cities in Ancient Greece, yet the method by which they ruled and governed their people varied greatly. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. They weren't allowed to vote, weren't allowed to speak in public, and were forced to wear facial coverings in public. The Peloponnesian War began in 431 B.C.C. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. Athens and Sparta were two of the largest City-States of Ancient Greece. Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. Sparta belonged to the Peloponnesian league and Athens belonged to the Delian League. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. The wars fought by Sparta and Athens in the fifth century bc pitted one city-state with ancient Greece’s greatest army against one boasting her … At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). when Athens conceded defeat to Sparta. However, the … Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. This was also the time of Athens' fall, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the two empires. <(=^.^=)>, this website is amazing, just finished a paper with cites and qoutes. Athens. A few years ago we as a company were searching for various terms and wanted to know the differences between them. However, women from Sparta had more freedom compared to their counterparts in other cities. Nah it’s the other way round. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. Kenji. Although Athens and Sparta have things in common they were more different than they were alike. The one giving more purples. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. Make quizzes, send them viral. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. This is the site where we share everything we've learned. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Sparta was more equal, fair and just, as well as being strong and smart. Even though they were different they were still very alike. bigboyhowdy2 2 years ago #8. Generate leads, increase sales and drive traffic to your blog or website. Jun 2006 309 Virginia, United States Jun 25, 2006 #6 First, this is a childish thread. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. During the Middle Ages, the city experienced decline and then recovery under the Byzantine Empire, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted from Italian trade. The Greek city-state of Sparta won the war against Athens. Participation in government is a civic responsibility, Athens. The player would then be given a motive to either side with Sparta or Athens, or with neither to get the maximum financial reward. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. They worshiped their gods and respected people. Report this Argument. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. Philosophers began to question the mythology. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. Spartan women were educated, allowed to own property/land, and were highly respected in politics (albeit had no final say). not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. For example the lives of the Spartans revolved around war, preparing for war, educating their kids for war and conquering other countries during war. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. The capital and largest city of Greece. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. Population & Map. Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between McAfee LiveSafe and Total Protection (With Table), Difference Between HCPCS and CPT (With Table), Difference Between Catholic and Lutheran (With Table), Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Constitution (With Table), Difference Between Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication (With Table). Athens and Sparta are both famous and prosperous cities in Ancient Greece, which have also rivaled each other for years. Sparta, Athens, or Both? It could be said that some even loved battle itself. It had more equal roles for women in society, and contrary to popular belief they did not leave weak babies on the hillsides. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. Their lifestyles and culture could not have been anymore different from one another. Neither its fun to play whatever side I feel like it atm. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. Sparta … Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Thanks! What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. JudoHedgehog 2 years ago #7. So, they set out conquering states that had enough food supplies, and in return the conquered land would get protection from invading armies. How was the government based in ancient times? User Info: JudoHedgehog. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. However, Athens and Sparta both went to Assembly where citizens could vote for laws and talk about fixing problems. Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Navy was best in the Greek world. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. In Athens, the government was corrupt, slaves were attacked and raped, and women weren’t even allowed to leave their homes. They have some things in common, such as being located in Greece; however, more are the differences than the similarities when it comes to the characteristics of this Greek polis. “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Sparta had an oligarchy form and had a classic military or autocratic rule. Athens. What is the region in which the city is located? Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. Second, look at Athens and Sparta now. UberCryxic. Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. Freemen: Aristocrats-middle (farmers)-thetes-slaves. The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. Land based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. They could own no property apart from the family. Some like Xenophanes began to reject the old beliefs. Both had troubles feeding their people as the land around their city-state was barren. Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. #7. The Shezarrine of this plain. 1. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Athens hands down. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. "Sparta focused on military strength and being obedient." Friction between Athens and the Peloponnesian states, including Sparta, began early in the Pentecontaetia; in the wake of the departure of the Persians from Greece, Sparta attempted to prevent the reconstruction of the walls of Athens (without the walls, Athens would have been defenseless against a land attack and subject to Spartan control), but was rebuffed. Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War (between 431 and 404 BCE), from which it emerged victorious. (Beckman, 2016, 116). Sparta is better than Athens in many ways. The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony , although the city-state maintained its political independence until the … This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. Diffen.com. and ended in 404 B.C.E. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. HuoLong. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Both Athens and Sparta ruled using some elements of democracy and a superficial observer may assert that Athens was the more democratic of the two. 7 Jan 2021. Sparta vs. Athens. They are just 95 miles away from each other, but their differences were vastly noticeable. Instead "man was the measure of all things". If you read this far, you should follow us: "Athens vs Sparta." Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. The rapid rise of Athens as a dominant city-state in ancient Greece … Diffen LLC, n.d. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Sparta was by far the greatest military power of it's time. Slavery made this possible by freeing the young men from household and industrial duties and allowing them to focus on their military duties. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… ATHENS. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Sparta: Athens: Spartan life was simple. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Truth of the world had to be explained by human reason and intellect . Athens. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Although both Athens and Sparta were powerful Greek city-states, they were very different. Sparta and Athens were the most powerful states of ancient Greece; they were also each others biggest rivals. Monarchy 2. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Historically, Athens treated women horribly, in fact they believed all women were possessed by demons. Neither in Athens nor Sparta. So all the states that didn’t like Athens pretty much asked Sparta to help them out.

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