if (els[i].value == '') The charity worked with 209 people from Vietnam over that period, a 248% increase on the number referred five years earlier. } If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Vietnam 'strongly condemns' human trafficking after UK truck tragedy Britis­h police say they believ­e all 39 people found dead in the back of a lorry last month were Vietna­mese By AFP Vietnam condemns human trafficking after UK truck tragedy. British police say they believe all 39 people found dead in the back of a lorry last month were Vietnamese. Mimi Vu, an independent anti-trafficking and slavery expert based in Vietnam, said the smuggling of people from Vietnam to the UK continued in the months after the tragedy. return !isError; We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances. Pacific Links Foundation are also providing vocational training and job placements to young Vietnamese people, offering an alternative to looking for jobs abroad. Addressing the issue upstream at source is critical to success. ‘Stephen’ was rescued from forced labour in a UK cannabis farm after being trafficked from Vietnam via Russia. UK truck deaths: How Vietnam is still a hotbed of people traffickers. Anti-Slavery’s partners, Pacific Links Foundation, are running a campaign across Vietnam highlighting the risks of of accepting job offers in Britain which may be traps of exploitation. The trafficking of vulnerable young people from Vietnam to the UK is on the rise, with the majority trafficked into cannabis production, nail bars and forced prostitution. Photograph: Christopher Thomond/The Guardian errorString = 'Please enter your email address'; Our research includes identifying transit routes, trafficking methods and vulnerabilities that put people at risk of being targeted. complexities and nuances of human trafficking from Viet Nam, Albania and Nigeria. { It is a phenomenon that is hidden in plain sight. “They usually describe it as one of the most traumatic experiences of their lives.”, Vietnamese family fears daughter may be among Essex lorry victims, Trafficked, beaten, enslaved: the life of a Vietnamese cannabis farmer. } Subscribe to our emails to hear latest news about modern slavery, our work against it around the world, and different ways you can take action. When I complained, he hit me and threatened that if I left the house, the police would arrest me and beat me.” Hai, 15-year-old. “She will probably have come willingly. 13 February 2020. Her family will have paid for her to go, thinking she will get a job and training in a nail bar in the UK,” said Vu, who has been working in Vietnam on trafficking and slavery issues for the past seven years. var errorString = ''; “The Ha Tinh environmental disaster has been very problematic for fishermen whose livelihood was taken away. Some may not even recognise that they are victims of trafficking, since they may have chosen to travel to the UK in search of work, and will often have paid a people smuggler to organise the journey and to find them a job here. In Britain, he was locked up alone in a series of terraced houses that had been converted into cannabis farms, and forced over the course of four years to work as a cannabis gardener by the Vietnamese gang that had smuggled him here. While it is hard to get accurate statistics about the real numbers of trafficked Vietnamese people, because most remain hidden and undocumented, new figures from the Salvation Army, which works with victims of trafficking, show that more Vietnamese men were referred to the charity between July 2018 and July 2019 than any other nationality. It was impossible to look out of the windows, he said, because they were all covered with thick insulating plastic. function validate_signup(frm) { “I just lived day by day,” he said. We identified France, the Netherlands, Germany and the Czech Republic as countries that are commonly used by traffickers as transit routes, as well as points at which the victims get exploited on their way to the UK. '; } } var isError = false; if (errorString.length > 0) Stephen, whose real name was not revealed to prevent him being identified by his traffickers, arrived in Britain in the back of a freezer lorry, after a long journey on foot and in trucks from Hanoi, where he had been destitute and homeless. for (var i = 0; i < els.length; i++) The line between smuggling and trafficking becomes blurred on the journey. Many police forces and local authorities are still not trained or equipped to identify these victims of trafficking.” Because victims are not regularly being identified, there have been fewer successful prosecutions under the new human trafficking legislation than expected. The charity Ecpat, which works with child trafficking victims, has also seen a steep rise in the number of Vietnamese referrals, from 135 in 2012 to 704 in 2018. U.S. Department of State OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS Vietnam (Tier 2 Watch List) The Government of Vietnam does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. A Source Country: Vietnam is a predominant source country of human trafficking and also a destination country, mainly for Cambodian migrants. Vietnam says it “strongly condemns human trafficking,” after UK police said they believed 39 people found dead in a lorry were all Vietnamese. Because those trafficked are aware that they are in the UK illegally, they are wary of the police and extremely unlikely to report their own exploitation. Police initially thought the 39 people who were found dead in a truck in Grays, UK, were Chinese. They had been smuggled into the UK in the back of a lorry. My life was much worse than when I lived in Vietnam.”. You can unsubscribe whenever you want. Anti-Slavery’s partners, ECPAT UK, are working with vulnerable children and young adults who are already in the UK after having been exploited and supporting them to overcome their traumas and rebuild their lives. The agreements helped to facilitate law enforcement actions by subnational officials in this centrally managed country. The brother of Pham Thi Tra My said she had paid £30,000 to people smugglers to get her to the UK, and that this money had been returned to the family overnight as news of the tragedy emerged, according to the BBC. Once, a gang of British drug dealers kicked a door down, tied him up, and stole the entire cannabis harvest. They need money immediately and that has been the push factor for migration,” she said. However, both Home Office }, Subscribe to our newsletter to get the latest news and campaign information right to your inbox, Not for Profit website design: pedalo limited, Company Limited by Guarantee 3079904 | Registered in England and Wales. “Sometimes I did something wrong that made some plants die. for (var j = 0; j < toCheck.length; j++) { if (toCheck[j].name == els[i].name && toCheck[j].checked) radioChecked = true; } if (!radioChecked) errorString = 'Please complete all required fields. A representative of the Vietnamese community in the UK describes the paradox of a rapidly expanding economy and the sinister reality of human trafficking to the UK recalling the tragedy of the 39 (8 women, 31 males and 2 boys aged 15) who suffocated in a refrigerated lorry on October 23, in Essex, England. var radioChecked = false; Only last year 739 Vietnamese people were referred to the UK authorities as potential victims of trafficking, including 363 children. What might make a young Vietnamese woman leave her home and family to make a dangerous trip across the world in search of a new life in the UK? In each of these countries, and the UK, a minimum of 40 semi-structured interviews will be conducted with key informants and adults who have experienced human trafficking. Together with our partners we are working to protect vulnerable Vietnamese people from falling victim to criminals who prey on those who are susceptible and use every opportunity to ruthlessly exploit them. var emailAddress = frm.Email.value; Three years after Al Jazeera uncovered Vietnamese human trafficking practices to the UK, the business is still going strong. Vietnam is increasingly a destination for child sex tourism , with perpetrators from Japan , the Republic of Korea, the P.R.C., Taiwan, the UK , Australia , Europe, and the U.S. Vietnam reported 490 human trafficking victims last year, according to the U.S.'s 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report. Attached new guidance on Hoa Hao Buddhism. Vietnam is a priority country for the UK in this regard. Asylos and ARC Foundation recently released a new report, “Vietnam: Returned victims of trafficking from the UK”. The Vietnamese ministry of foreign affairs called on countries around the world to “step up cooperation” to combat the crime. The trafficking of vulnerable young people from Vietnam to the UK is on the rise, with the majority trafficked into cannabis production, nail bars and forced prostitution. The tragic death of 39 Vietnamese nationals in the trailer of a refrigerator lorry in Essex last year drew attention to the precarious smuggling and trafficking route between Vietnam and the UK. He didn’t know if it was night or day and he didn’t know if he was in a location for weeks or months. The Joint International Policing Hub (JIPH) has, over the last couple of years, been working closely with the Vietnamese to help tackle Modern Slavery Human Trafficking (MSHT). official figures represented only the tip of the iceberg, Your chance to influence the UK’s anti-slavery laws, Child trafficking is closer than you think, UK survivors win the right to long term support, Cotton Crimes: Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Since then, Vietnam has been identified as one of the top three countries of origin for victims of trafficking in the UK. Around 18,000 people make the journey from Vietnam to Europe every year, some of whom end up trafficked to the UK. if (emailAddress == '' || emailAddress.indexOf('@') == -1) { Much of the population continue to live on very low incomes. isError = true; else if (els[i].className == 'radio') The Vietnamese embassy said: “Vietnam and the UK signed a Memorandum of Understanding on anti-human trafficking co-operation in 2018. In the next house, they no longer locked him inside, but they told him they would find him and kill him if he tried to escape. When his own minders returned, they were angry, but simply moved him on to a new location, where he had to begin the process of cultivating cannabis seedlings again. But in an interview with the Guardian last year, Stephen, a vulnerable Vietnamese orphan, described being trafficked to the UK to work as an enslaved cannabis farmer when he was 10 years old. It is a compilation of evidence about the risks of re-trafficking, state protection and internal relocation for Vietnamese victims of trafficking returned from the UK. Miss World Vietnam joins UK Embassy to launch anti-human trafficking campaign VOV.VN - Luong Thuy Linh, the winner of Miss World Vietnam 2019, took part in a ceremony in Hanoi on July 29 in order to launch the national day against human trafficking alongside representatives from the UK Embassy. 11 September 2019. Vietnam has an internal trafficking problem with women and children from rural areas trafficked to urban centers for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. The cost of travelling to Europe typically ranges between $10,000 and $40,000 according to Precarious Journeys, a report on people trafficking from Vietnam, published earlier this year by anti-slavery charities. It is a growing problem. My captor only returned every few days with bits of food and water. They are also training Vietnamese police officers to recognise the signs of trafficking and ways to help the victims. According to the report, over a period of one and a half years, researchers investigated the issue of human trafficking from Vietnam to the UK and throughout Europe, specifically Poland, the Czech Republic, France and the Netherlands. Driven by a belief that overseas jobs are the most lucrative, coupled with the desire to escape poverty, many Vietnamese job-seekers take risks with labour brokers, who are in fact traffickers. Vietnam has been consistently one of the top source countries for trafficking into the UK for the past five years. While Vietnam continues to develop economically and implement welfare programmes meant to lift people out of poverty, not everyone has benefited from these changes. errorString = 'Please complete all required fields. A cannabis factory raided by police in north-west London. No one was kind to me.”, Beadle said most of the victims the charity worked with had travelled to the UK hidden in the back of lorries. “I was locked alone up in the house, forced to water cannabis plants. The Vietnamese government identified about 7,500 victims of human trafficking between 2012 and 2017, with 80 percent of … Mimi Vu, a leading expert on trafficking of Vietnamese young people to Europe and the UK, said she had met a higher than usual number of people from the Ha Tinh province during visits to migrant camps in northern France last week. { Both sexes are also frequently forced into prostitution. The 6,000-mile journey: How scores of Vietnamese migrants are smuggled or trafficked into the UK each year An estimated 18,000 people are smuggled from Vietnam to Europe each year. ‘Stephen’ was rescued from forced labour in a UK cannabis farm after being trafficked from Vietnam via Russia. Many Vietnamese women working in nail bars have families at home heavily in debt to their traffickers. “I couldn’t see anything in the future. Human trafficking is a big problem in Vietnam. Most likely, trafficking experts say, it was the promise of work in one of Britain’s proliferating high street nail bars. var els = frm.getElementsByTagName('input'); A young Vietnamese man in London who was trafficked to the UK to work in a cannabis farm. Many of those who are trafficked are very young, sometimes children, and are extremely vulnerable to exploitation at the hands of their traffickers who offer false promises of attractive sounding jobs in Britain. if (els[i].className == 'text' || els[i].className == 'date' || els[i].className == 'number') These will be supplemented by available quantitative data from IOM’s Migrant Management Anti-slavery groups have been warning for years of rise in young Vietnamese being smuggled into UK, First published on Fri 25 Oct 2019 14.10 EDT. Vietnam and the UK on November 21 signed a memorandum of understanding to combat human trafficking, according to Vietnam News Agency. The United Kingdom (UK) is a destination country for men, women, and children primarily from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe who are subjected to human trafficking for the purposes of sexual slavery and forced labour, including domestic servitude.It is ranked as a "Tier 1" country by the US Department of State which issues an annual report on human trafficking. " Updated country policy and information note on trafficking, Vietnam for April 2020. Ba is slight for 18. The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Anti-slavery groups have been warning for years of an increase in Vietnamese being smuggled into the United Kingdom, to no avail. Vietnam said Saturday that it "strongly condemns" human trafficking, after British police confirmed 39 people found dead in a truck last week are believed to be Vietnamese. { Most Vietnamese people working in cannabis farms or in nail bars know that their families at home are heavily in debt to their traffickers, for the cost of their journey, and remain trapped in this debt-bondage for years, trying to repay the debts, and too frightened to seek help. He never tried to flee because he had no idea where to go. Many of those who are trafficked are very young, sometimes children, and are extremely vulnerable to exploitation at the hands of their traffickers who offer false promises of attractive sounding jobs in Britain. Vietnamese Minister of Public Security Sen. Lt. Gen. trafficking. Under the UK agreement, in April and August 2019 the government issued an action plan that assigned specific anti-trafficking responsibilities to various agencies and approved a UK-sponsored project to combat human trafficking. Police found two Vietnamese girls working at the Nail Bar Deluxe in Bath. Boys are usually sent to work in cannabis farms, locked inside converted houses and forced to tend the plants day and night, while the girls and young women are dispatched to work in nail bars. In her final texts, sent from the container as she was dying, Pham says she is from the Ha Tinh province of Vietnam, which is the site of the country’s worst environmental disaster, a chemical spill from a steel factory in 2016 that poisoned up to 125 miles of the northern coastline and devastated the local fishing industry. Most of the victims are thought to come from central Vietnam, where easy-to-find brokers help to arrange trips to Europe -- often via Russia -- for migrants hoping to earn money overseas. They would get angry and beat me. Reports that a young Vietnamese woman was one of the 39 people who died this week in a refrigerated trailer have not been confirmed by police, but anti-slavery organisations have been trying to raise the alarm for years about the growing problem of Vietnamese children and young adults being trafficked into the UK. Because victims are so frightened of their traffickers they are usually very unwilling to speak about their experiences, even when they have been rehoused, and this reticence has contributed to the phenomenon remaining relatively little understood. By identifying the methods by which victims are trafficked we are better equipped to identify policy changes in Vietnam, the UK and transit countries, that would better protect young victims and ultimately end the practice. Every few days, in the evening, a group of Vietnamese men would come to inspect the plants, bringing him food. Anti-Slavery International was one of the first organisations to raise this issue, and already in 2013 our research suggested that official figures represented only the tip of the iceberg. Debbie Beadle, the director of programmes at the anti-trafficking organisation Ecpat, and co-author of a study into victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe published earlier this year, said: “The resources haven’t come to put it into effect.