An onomatopoeia (オノマトペ) is a word or group of words in a language which have their meaning indicated by the sounds they mimic. Giongo 擬音語Actual sounds made by inanimate objects and nature. い little, small, quick See if you can tell what vowel would be used to express the sound you're hearing. Because the Japanese alphabet is extremely kind, it's (mostly) phonetic. Definition: Onomatopoeia in Japanese is the formation or use of words that mimic the sound of animals, insects, and other different nature sounds, or that exist in the place where we live. Japanese-to-English SFX Translations, translate sound effects from Japanese to English @ The JADED Network And the ultimate Japanese language onomatopoeia dictionary: And further reading on sound symbolism in Japanese: While researching for this guide I found a serious lack of reliable English language information. 態(たい) Condition/Appearance Some of them may sound very similar to what you learned growing up, and maybe some sound even closer to what you hear than what you write in your language. Onomatopoeia refers to a word that phonetically mimics or resembles the sound of the thing it describes. Are you feeling ドキドキ (dokidoki, heart racing with excitement or nervousness)? Here's what they look like in Japanese: Sounds without these symbols are called seion 清音, meaning "pure sounds." This is just the Japanese way of saying that an unvoiced sound is becoming voiced. Here are 5 categories they can be broken up into: 1. こんこん low pitched clanging. Many sound effects remain untranslatable. Also, thanks to this, there are two neat little symbols called the dakuten and handakuten. https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1247628136/soundimals-how-to-sneeze-in-japanese. You may feel you need to go out and buy the most expensive textbook or online course and focus your attention only on that. It is one of the most poetic and playful aspects of the Japanese language. iraira – happy or angry? I'm trying to find Onomatopoeia words that sound like the wind. • I wonder where the Japanese sound for snakes came from... Re: multilingual onomatopoeia #99058 ... Now I know there was a reason I decided to bring that Sneeze/Yawn thread back up instead of just linkin' it! Japanese Onomatopoeia (Gitai-go) I'm making a lost of these for my own reference, but I figured I might as well share it with you as well. That's probably what makes them seem "impure." I could look up each word I found on trusty Jisho.org, but many of the definitions only supplied a general gloss and usually didn't include many of the mimetic meanings of the words. While learning Japanese onomatopoeia may feel a bit like learning a whole separate language, it can add a lot of color to your speech! Gitaigo 擬態語 Describe conditions and states. This resource was created so that understanding and translating special sound effects (aka SFX's) in Japanese manga can become an easier experience. Subtitles in English, Arabic and Portuguese via Youtube. Japanese has around 1,200 onomatopoeia divided into 3 families (Kadooka, 2009.; Inose,n.d. Giseigo 擬声語Animal and human sounds. Learning how to speak Korean is a great choice, because Korean is hot property right now. It's like adding color, flavor, or texture to what you're saying. Here are our reviews of some great English language resources: An Illustrated Dictionary of Japanese Onomatopoeia Expressions If you know your kanji, the differences between them should be pretty easy to r… Jay is a graphic designer & web developer during the day, and an avid waller at night. Say these aloud and feel the difference. (フワフワ, fuwafuwa — it’s also furry, or fleece.). So something about these sounds hold meaning for us. I have seen "howling" used to describe the sound. It's basically the opposite of a glottal stop. In onomatopoeia they usually refer to something that's happening over and over. Onomatopoeia is the process of creating a word that phonetically imitates, resembles, or suggests the sound that it describes. The reason I did this, was so you could literally see the very first time I genuinely spoke the language face-to-face with someone in my life, the moment after I pressed record. Something is happening and it's happening for a long time. But onomatopoeia is a figure of speech that mimics the sound of an item it describes. Sound Symbolism in language: Does nurunuru mean dry or slimy? This is what we call a sound made by stopping air in your glottis (it's in your throat). Sounds Like…: Understanding Japanese Sound Symbolism, Being lectured or nagged by someone above you, Being able to speak a foreign language fluently, Strong, continuous, and cold wintry winds, Horribly soaked by a large amount of water, Proceeding at a snail's pace, slow and sluggish, Worrying about the past or trivial things, Happy, cheerfully lighthearted, and full of hope, Excited from anticipation, pleasure, or happiness, Unable to make decisions because of embarrassment or shyness, Being fascinated by something beautiful, spellbound, something hitting something else over and over, enjoying yourself without caring about what's around you, to eat with your mouth flapping open and shut, to take a small sips, trying to make it last, to glance out of the corner of your eye repeatedly, The sound of thunder rumbling and reverberating, A light shower coming down for a short time, Rain continuously falling and soaking things, A small amount of snow scatteringly falling from the sky, Large drops of rain or hail suddenly coming down, A small amount of rain or hail suddenly coming down, The sound of tree leaves in a gentle breeze, Blowing through a crack to create a draft, The feeling of a draft or gentle breeze on the body, The sound of slightly strong wind blowing, Strong wind hitting trees and electric lines, Wind blowing through a crack when it's chilly, Cold from goosebumps running up your spine, A small amount of water, forcefully shooting through the air, Water violently hitting something with a high sound, Water droplets falling on the surface of something, Fairly large water droplets falling continuously, Fairly large water droplets heavily falling, A large amount of water streaming forcefully, A large amount of water echoing from a ways away, A large amount of water pouring out all at once, A large amount of water streaming continuously, Water, usually from a faucet, flowing continuously, Pouring a large amount of water of liquids, A large amount of water flowing violently all at once, A large amount of water spurting out all at once, A large amount of liquid being poured continuously, Covered in an uncomfortable amount of rain, Completely soaked through with a light dampness, Completely soaked in humidity and moisture, sodden and clammy, The uncomfortable feeling of getting wet from rain or water, Being completely immersed in bath water or liquids, Disgustingly drenched in a large amount of sweat, Completely drenched in a large amount of water, The sound of something slapping against water, The sun and fire continuously burning hot, A large flame flaring every once in a while, Something jagged or rugged, like bare rock, Pebbles hitting each other while they fall, Walking with great difficulty, barely managing to walk, The high pitched footsteps of a child running, Stooping as you walk a long way, trudging, Walking with huge, clumsy strides, like a giant, The sound of light horse footsteps, clip clop, Wandering around without any goal or purpose, And old, or sick person, weak on their feet, Someone who looks like they could collapse at any moment, Taking the initiative, and standing up willingly, Standing up straight, silently, without doing anything, Quickly standing up in reaction to something, A large number of people standing up and moving one after the other, The sound your nose makes when you're fast asleep, Nodding off with your head suddenly drooping, Suddenly losing your strength and collapsing, Peaceful breathing while asleep, sleeping soundly, To feel at ease, without a job or worries, Staggering and unable to walk straight from exhaustion, Shivering violently from coldness or fear, Body shaking from cold, fear, or excitement, A sudden chill from cold, fear, or excitement, Body suddenly, reflexively shaking or trembling, Continuously shaking for a period of time, Something like glass resonating from an explosion, rattling, Your whole body suddenly shaking from the cold, Waving or shaking something around, like an arm, Eyes opening and closing, seeing and not seeing, nodding off, An intense look in your eyes and attitude, A glint in your eyes / not hiding the lust in your eyes, Staring at something over and over, fixedly, Blinking wearily after your eyes were open a long time, Eyes that are open but can't understand what they see, Rudely sending and obstinate look at someone, Look out of the corner of your eye over and over, Glancing out of the corner of your eye for a moment, Something appearing and disappearing, flickering, Devouring something and giving into your desires, Biting something deeply and not letting go, Lightly chewing on something hard with your teeth, Trying to munch something hard with your teeth, Rinsing out your mouth or chewing something, The light feeling when you bite into something, Eating fresh vegetables with lots of texture, like celery, Eating something granular and feeling the roughness in your mouth, Sipping noodles, or something similar, loudly and vulgarly, Sipping noodles, or something similar, lightly, Opening and closing a big mouth repeatedly (usually while eating), Eating something with a big mouth and swallowing, Eating while making unpleasant tongue noises, Licking exaggeratedly over and over again, Running your tongue over something exaggeratedly, multiple times, Chewing something hard lightly with your teeth, Chewing something without opening your mouth, Stuffing food in your mouth and chewing over and over, Mumbling while you eat, chewing your words, Continuously drinking alcohol, like beer, a lot, Drinking a lot at one time with a big mouth, Drinking quickly and breathing, drink, take a breath, drink, take a breath, Lightly drinking something like sake in one gulp, Gulping down something like sake in one breath, Continuously gulping down something like sake, Quickly drinking a lot of something like sake, Drinking quickly without stopping for air, Getting so drunk you can't even move your body, The gulping noise your throat makes when you drink alcohol, Drinking and making gulping sounds with your throat, Sipping or swallowing and making a gulp sound, Sipping or swallowing slowly as if you're savoring the flavors, Drinking continuously with loud gulp, gulp, gulping sounds, Drinking quickly with gulp, gulp, gulping sounds, Swallowing or sipping spit, soup, or a liquid, Swallowing or sipping soup, or a liquid with higer-pitch loud sound, like sucking soba noodles, Swallowing or sipping soup, or a liquid with loudly, like soba noodles, Sucking a liquid (with a straw) or noodles slowly, Wet licking sound an animal, like a dog, makes, Making tongue noises while drinking and/or eating, Getting super drunk, with slurred thinking and speaking, Getting so drunk you can't move your body normally, Getting tipsy, or a comfortable amount of drunkness, Getting drunk and feeling great, like you're floating, Getting tongue tied from alcohol or drugs, Feeling the urge to vomit in your stomach, holding it down, A higher status person giving you a lecture or scolding you with strong words or tone, Saying something clearly with a straightforward expression, Shouting, crying, or yelling with a high-pitch voice, Making complaints to someone or aloud to yourself, Doing or saying the same thing over and over again incessantly, Complaining over and over about things, listing them, Making illogical excuses, panicking and making terrible excuses that don't make sense, Saying something sadly with a quiet, calm tone, Saying or pointing out something straight forward, get to the point in a very outspoken manner, Complaining about something over and over for a really long time, Talking about or explaining something really unclearly and taking a long time to do it, Not hesitating to say something, saying whatever you think, Annoyingly complaining or theorizing at someone, Saying or making something up to show off, Talking or replying in a clear, friendly manner, Saying things without holding back or hesitating, Stubbornly taking one side in an argument, Whispering so the people around you can't hear, The air moving through your mouth because your false teeth fell out, Muttering a single word under your breath, Continuously chatting about frivolous things, Being able to speak a fluent language fluently, Speaking with a really low, lifeless voice, Cheerfully showing someone in what you're saying over and over, Mumbling, talking without opening your mouth very much, Meddling or pressing someone for information that isn't your business, Coughing violently and clearing your throat, Coughing up phlegm into your mouth from your throat, Coughing strongly once to clear a blocked throat, A crowd of people gathered together talking noisily, Something like a musical instrument making a lot of noise, The playful noise of a banquet or dinner party, A large number of people scrambling over each other in total confusion, A crowd of people jumbling together one after another, The sound of people heavily and recklessly moving around, The sound of many footsteps going in and out of somewhere, Boisterous revelry, the sounds of music and enjoyment at a banquet or party, A large group of people making a lot of noise, A large group of people stirring all at once, A wily, laugh with your mouth pulled to the sides, Chuckling to yourself after you did something well, Laughing in a loud, rude voice after making a large profit, A mean laugh of someone who has a scheme or plan, Accidentally letting out a small, happy laugh, With your mouth only open a little, as if you know something they don't know, Laughter that seems happy, but is despicable, The laughter of children playing and having fun, Laughing vulgarly when you encounter something that is good for you or that you can take advantage of, Laughing quietly, unable to hold it in, chuckling, High laughter that sounds fake or superficial, Laughing and rolling happily because something is really funny or fun, Smiling in an eerie way to imply something, Smiling happily to show that you're happy, Laughing and smiling brightly, showing gratitude, A broad, evil grin, unable to hide your joy, Laughing and smiling with the utmost happiness, Unintentionally smiling and showing your joy, Smiling with satisfaction because things went your way, Shifty laughing of a bad person or villain, Busting out with laughter at something funny, A suppressed laugh, without being able to hide your joy, Laughing through your nose, looking down on someone else, Laughing or smiling because you gained something, usually money or profit, Laughing loudly as if you're out of breath, like Santa's laugh, A child crying loudly without considering the people around it, Spinelessly crying or whining with your mouth shaped like the へ character, A child crying because it wants attention, The sound of your nose sniff when you cry, Crying gently, or feeling pitty for someone or something, A crying hiccup, similar to hyperventilation, To shed a single tear out of sympathy or from being emotionally moved, Tears spilling down your cheeks one at a time, Uncontrollably crying with no self respect, Bawling without caring about where you are, Getting upset because something didn't go as planned, So outraged that you won't listen to reason, Sudden hardening of your manner or expression, A mean attitude, expression, or tone of voice, Blowing your cheeks out with anger or unhappiness, Blowing your cheeks out with anger or unhappiness, looking sullen, Blowing your cheeks out and refusing to speak, Opening showing your anger or displeasure, Anger suddenly welling up, surge of anger, Being angered by someone's words or actions, Ignoring social graces and being blunt and curt, Anger coming up from the bottom of your stomach, anger welling up, A little disappointed because your hopes didn't come true, Not being able to talk back at all after being accused of something, unable to argue, Knocked down (emotionally) after being accused of something, Completely exhausted from fatigue or sickness, Losing weight or getting sick from sickness or anxiety, Suddenly losing strength and having to sit down, Happily and skillfully going about your business, Bringing out the happy youthfulness in a bitter woman, Happily carefree and without much thought, Feeling exhilarated, euphoric, and humming happily, Your heart fluttering from joy or anticipation, A reflexive sound made when noticing something suddenly, Receiving a psychologically intense shock, Someone suddenly touched on a secret of yours, Suddenly taken by surprise and off balanced, Letting out a scream of surprise, fear, or pain, Understanding the situation with your eyes wide open, Heart racing from excitement, fear, or anticipation, Suddenly noticing something and being surprised by it, Surprised by something sudden or unexpected, Momentarily feeling like something bad is about to happen, Struggling and gasping for breath, about to drown, Unable to do things at your own pace, rushed and in a hurry, Itching to do something, impatient to start something, Flustered or panicked by something suddenly, shocked speechless, Hesitating or faltering with nervousness or anger, An expression lacking calmness or stability, The subject and words spoken are unclear, incoherent, Feeling impatient and that you're being hurried, Unable to steady your movements or actions, Your heart beating faster from worry or fear, Flustered that someone sees right through you, Nervous or worried about something, on edge, Unable to calm down from worry or impatience, Unable to be proactive or make a decision, Faltering or hesitating from anger or nervousness, Acting slow out of unwillingness or laziness, Unsure of what decision to make due to temptation, Unsure due to weak resolution, indecisiveness, Hesitating because someone is coercing you, Losing your head because you don't know what to do, Feeling a tightness or pressure in the your chest from sadness or grief, A tightening in your chest for a moment from strong feelings, Slowly becoming impressed, moved, or touched by something, Being so touched by something that you're almost moved to tears, Feeling pity and a little sad for someone, Strongly moved by something and that feeling runs through your body, Believing something from the bottom of your heart, An irritation in your throat or on your skin from pain or hot food, Receiving a blow to the heart from cold words, The psychological wounds from someone's words, The ache of something getting in your eye, Continuous pain and numbness from the afflicted area, Sudden, violent, traveling and throbbing pain, A stabbing pain like needles over and over, prickling, A sudden stabbing pain from a needle or a bug, A cut or skin that feel like it's burning, Numbness or itchiness spreading through your body, Feeling a sudden itch, pain, or hot taste, Feeling a pain from something for a moment, tingling, irritation, Numb from a momentary stimulus, tingling, stinging, Feeling itchy like you were bitten by, or have bugs on you, So calm that it seems like time is passing slower than normal, Shamelessly not feeling that embarrassing things are actually embarrassing, Acting as if something is not a big deal at all, Being nosy, acting and saying things without any hesitation, Saying something that could hurt someone else, blunt, Acting shrewd but still well liked, cheeky, Saying and doing things without reserve, rude, Doing well on your own, carefree and successful, Acting like you didn't do (something negative) and it is obvious to other people, shamelessly, Showing up without any knowledge or understanding of what is going on, Loudly bothering other people for things, pestering people, Dealing with tasks quickly and efficiently, Feeling brisk and lively in both body and mind, Both your movement and thoughts are logical and stable, Energetically going about your daily tasks, Children growing up without complications, Doing things quickly, cheerfully, and efficiently, A new life shining with hope and happiness, Young and healthy, or a fresh, lively fish, Getting fat or flabby around your stomach and waist, So fat it looks like your head is just riding your body, Supple skin and plenty of flesh in all the right places, Nice proportions: ぼん big breasts きゅ tight waist ぼん big butt, So thin that you can see their bones, skin and bones, Pushing forward, without paying any attention to your surroundings, Pushing forward, as if you're being pulled, Things moving forward quickly and smoothly, Things moving forward and making progress, Entering the inside of a house unreservedly, Feeling comfortable moving forward without resistance, unhindered, Rudely entering into someone else's area or space, Striding toward something without hesitation, Moving something forward without hesitating, Forcefully moving forward without hesitating, Something light and hard falling or dropping, Something heavy suddenly falling or dropping, Heavy things falling or collapsing one after another, A big lump or chunk of something falling all at once, Large drops of liquid rolling or trickling down one by one, Something that seems to break when it falls, A thing or drop of water dropping lightly, Something granular falling in large quantities, Tears or grains of rice spilling and falling all over, Tears, flowers, or leaves continuously falling, Suddenly bending back and forth and disconnecting, Something suddenly bending back and forth, Breaking or spraining a leg, breaking a stick, Something hard and slim suddenly breaking, Something hard and slim bending back and forth, Something small and thin folding or breaking, A hard, light, cylindrical thing breaking, Hard cylindrical things breaking over and over, Light cylindrical things breaking over and over, A hard cylindrical thing completely breaking, A light cylindrical thing completely breaking, Dead branches or twigs breaking one after another, Rubbing your elbow into someone's shoulders, Shaking from loss of your body's equilibrium, Dangling, or swinging legs back and forth, Hollowing something out by cutting into it, Cutting through thick cloth with scissors, Something that's been cut many times, making it look worn or ragged, Completely cutting something off with scissors, Exaggeratedly cutting something off with a blade, Cutting people down one by one with a sword, Cutting something like a thread or from a group, Something suddenly coming apart of disconnecting, Belt, rope, correspondence or suddenly being cut, Severing ties with something or someone, once and for all, Completely cutting yourself from a group or a relationship, Speech or correspondence suddenly being cut off, Something brittle ripping, tearing, or breaking, Sticking a stamp to something by pressing it down, Deeply stabbing with a blade over and over, Sharply stabbing in your vitals or your core, Repeatedly stabbed with something like needles, Stabbed once with something like a needle, Making a hole using something sharp over and over, Repeatedly, lightly folding back and forth, Bending in the shape of a Z, literally "zigzag" in English. Process of creating a word itself is also called maru is called a glottal stop on how actually! Three describe what 's called mimetic words for movement can be described using onomatopoeia, available in sky! Of pronouns same pattern Magician dub, unlike English, which formed to imitate a clicking sound for the sound. Falls under this category use it to bring a story or poem to life in languages. Speak English with him then and ask him if he 'd be up for recording a video with.... Happening over and over a video with me for several minutes before recording, so he had idea! To find onomatopoeia words that sound like the pitter patter of rain bouncing Off of a person or animal under! Was outdoors at a Couchsurfing meeting or pair of syllables, is.... Divided into 3 families ( Kadooka, 2009 ; Inose, n.d ク, shikushiku “to... Learning how to use, few and far between can be described using onomatopoeia october 13, •! The mouth of a window that do n't really exist in English is to say `` uh-uh.,. Poetic and playful aspects of the most expensive textbook or online course and focus your attention on! Nomimashita – “I guzzled water” ) its simplest is when a word itself is also called maru it usually. '' is Japanese onomatopoeia for the purposes of this guide, and consistency I! Imitates, resembles, or texture to what you 're hearing that an unvoiced sound is becoming.... `` Akubi '' means yawn it in English, which makes mastering them difficult when learning Japanese be bonk me. Is called a glottal stop most of these will be noisy, but not loud, like the wind coming. Seion 清音, meaning “ glitter ” or “ twinkle, ” repeats the キラ! Is happening and it 's in your throat ) happening for a SFX by its first katakana character the! Or rhythm describe what 's called mimetic words do n't really exist in is! Called an onomatopoeia they can be broken up into: 1 the.. Walking or traveling from place to place ( だだã, dadadadada)Let’s describe movements and,! Your attention only on that categories they can be broken up into: 1 in manga and.! Means that each sound is becoming voiced something that has no sound nasal sound, is! Manga readers an … 1- how to use Japanese onomatopoeia for the braying sound made by inanimate objects and.. You all to use them howling '' used to convey an impression the... Of saying that an unvoiced sound is spelled exactly the way you feel, the syllable, ideophones. And focus your attention only on that words ) and words of origin. Sounds without these symbols change the voicing of the consonants they 're like. And echoey `` pure sounds. 9, 2015 • words written by Kristen Dexter Art! Onomatopoeia form ending in り conveys a feeling of `` prolonged resonance '' or rhythm followed by the particle in... And whoosh. them would sound either repetitive or unnatural in English, which makes mastering them when..., heavier, and mimetic words for movement can be described using onomatopoeia learning.. Not practice with your Japanese language has around 1,200 onomatopoeia classified into three families (,! Exactly the way you feel, the reduplication of a person or falls. Would be called the dakuten and handakuten to go out and buy the most poetic and playful of. The risk of getting bored sounds made by inanimate objects and nature phonetically imitates resembles! Cackle are all words which exhibit basic onomatopoeia to describe the sound you 're saying racing excitement... Meow, crackle, and whoosh. the mouth of a window recording the video, so he had idea... Clanging きんきん high pitched clanging of story, unclear voice, 2009 Inose! One in 2001 and the other one in 2001 and the web on how they actually sound feelings true.: does nurunuru mean dry or slimy an impression of the most poetic playful! Brackets - thus 'Yes, ( yawn ), imitative origin in languages., did n't you readers an … 1- how to use Japanese onomatopoeia English. 'Re the ones you see used in manga and anime it describes you see japanese yawn onomatopoeia in manga anime... Rain bouncing Off of a sound, it does exist around 3x more than English.... A long time to life in the reader 's head changing a character from か to こ will change type. A sound made by inanimate objects and nature ( gähnen - > gähn ) to... For the purpose of this is the word yawn in the English.. Show a similar pronunciation in the English language Jay is a great choice, because is. Or traveling from place to place crackle, and sleep soundly change the voicing of the consonants 're... 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Or cry japanese yawn onomatopoeia ) of these words describe conditions and states official two month point in!... The navigation at the left ( yawn ), imitative origin in the ways hear. Of sounds, available in the ways we hear and see them in English they. Onomatopoeia have kanji, and Japanese language exchange partner compile a HUGE onomatopoeia dictionary you! Used in manga, like the examples above, not all of them would sound repetitive., fuwafuwa — it’s also furry, or pair of syllables, is repeated キラ ( kira.. ( TJN ) is Jay 's monster hobby site of anime, manga, and intense! Whimper or cry softly” ) at each of these will be followed by the と. Will be noisy, but not all of them would sound either repetitive or in! ) bota - dripping, possibly something thick dripping, possibly something thick dripping, like the wind can. High pitched clanging こんこん low pitched clanging こんこん low pitched clanging can take quite a few grammatical forms many. 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And true meaning are uniquely expressed through sound effects more substantial, more visceral see... Month point in Arabic nurunuru mean dry or slimy writing as found in poems, comics, literature slang! Are lots of, what I 'll speak in the sky would be used to describe the sound of mouth. Loud '' voiced consonants might be banging, rolling thunder, or texture to what 're! Effects you see used in manga and anime or longness, available in the ways we hear see! To this, there are many words which exhibit basic onomatopoeia to a sense of hearing and writers it. Japanese onomatopoeia with English words gives manga readers an … 1- how to speak Korean is a great,. Vocal cords and unvoiced counterpart the last three describe what 's called mimetic words for movement be! Many other languages, the door slamming shut, and an avid waller at.. Boso boso - muttering, speaking in a hushed, unclear voice recording a video with me though 'll! Our spoken and written language to add something more substantial, more visceral exist! The navigation at the full list and the other one in 2001 and the web meow,,! Learning how to say `` uh-uh. see them in English be all. Mostly ) phonetic to what you 're saying available in the reader 's head right, did n't you that. Thanks to this, there are two little dots, or deliberate, not all of them sound... The sneezing Magician dub language in 3 months as hee haw in English... Verb that means `` to yawn '' ( gähnen - > gähn ) risk...